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Good Spanish Essay Words For Literature

AP Spanish Vocab

By the time you are sitting down to take the AP Spanish Language and Culture exam in May, you will likely have taken anywhere from two to five years of Spanish classes. Throughout those years, you have learned countless vocabulary words, from the basics of describing yourself to the various food groups and even travel words. Naturally, it is difficult to determine which words are important to know for the exam. Here’s a list of 50 AP Spanish vocabulary words to add to your repertoire to push you one step closer to a 5! Each word is followed by a short example showing how it is used in a natural context.

Transition Words

One of the most daunting aspects of the exam are the two written tasks, but these transition words can be used to strengthen your essays and are a great addition to an AP Spanish vocabulary list.

1. No obstante – nevertheless

  • Hay mucha nieve afuera. No obstante, hace calor por dentro.
  • There is a lot of snow outside. Nevertheless, it is warm inside.

2. Por lo tanto – therefore

  • Quiero obtener un 5 en mi examen de AP Spanish. Por lo tanto voy a estudiar todos los días.
  • I want to get a 5 on my AP Spanish exam. Therefore, I will study every day.

3. Desarrollar – to develop

  • Planeo desarrollar tres puntos.
  • I plan to develop three points.

4. De hecho – in fact

  • De hecho, hay muchos cambios en nuestra tecnología.
  • In fact, there are a lot of changes in our technology.

5. En cambio – in contrast

  • Yo, en cambio, preferiría un gato, no un perro.
  • I, in contrast, would prefer a cat, not a dog.

6. En realidad – actually

  • En realidad, los cambios no son tan mal.
  • In reality, the changes are not that bad.

7. Además – moreover

  • Este cuadro tiene muy colores y además es muy expresivo.
  • This painting has a lot of colors and moreover is very expressive.

8. En pocas palabras – in short / in a few words

  • Quiero contarte la historia en pocas palabras.
  • I want to tell you the story in a few words.

9. Por otro lado – on the other hand

  • Es una casa bonita. Por otro lado, está en una calle ruidosa.
  • It’s a pretty house. On the other hand, it is on a loud street.

10. Por supuesto – of course

  • Por supuesto es importante que estudiar.
  • Of course it is important to study.

11. Por ejemplo – for example

  • Hoy, por ejemplo, el clima está nublado.
  • Today, for example, the weather is cloudy.

12. Ambos – both

  • Ambos chicos quieren ser doctores.
  • Both boys want to be doctors.

13. Igualmente – similarly

  • Las dos soluciones son igualmente razonables.
  • The two solutions are equally reasonable.

Theme Words

The AP Spanish Language exam is centered around six main themes, and there are certain vocabulary words that are important to know for each.

Global Challenges

14. La natalidad – birthrate

  • La natalidad no ha cambiado desde tres años.
  • The birthrate has not changed for three years.

15. El pronóstico – forecast

  • El pronóstico económico para España muestra crecimiento.
  • The economic forecast for Spain shows growth.

16. La población – population

  • Está estudiando la población de México.
  • He is studying the population of Mexico.

17. El desafío – challenge

  • El hambre es uno de los desafíos mundiales.
  • Hunger is one of the global challenges.

18. Infraestructura – infrastructure

  • Es importante que un país construya su infraestructura.
  • It is important for a country to build its infrastructure.

Science and Technology

19. Predecir – to predict

  • Es difícil predecir los cambios en la ciencia.
  • It is difficult to predict changes in science.

20. La informática – computer science

  • La informática es un campo en crecimiento.
  • Computer science is a growing field.

21. El sitio – website

  • El sitio tiene un diseño muy fácil de usar.
  • The website has an easy-to-use design.

22. Los avances científicos – scientific advancements

  • La salud ha sido ayudado por los avances científicos.
  • Healthcare has been helped by scientific advancements.

23. El progreso – progress

  • Eso será un verdadero progreso.
  • That would be real progress.

Contemporary Life

24. El crimen – crime

  • El crimen es un problema grave de las sociedades modernas.
  • Crime is a serious problem in modern societies.

25. El desempleo – unemployment

  • Los políticos quieren reducir el desempleo.
  • Politicians want to reduce unemployment.

26. Trabajo comunitario – community work

  • El grupo de estudiantes está haciendo trabajo comunitario.
  • The group of students is doing community work.

27. La pobreza – poverty

  • Algunas personas viven en absoluta pobreza.
  • Some people live in absolute poverty.

Personal and Public Identities

28. La autoestima – self esteem

  • Autoestima aplica no sólo a las mujeres, sino también a los hombres.
  • Self esteem applies not only to women, but also to men.

29. Las creencias personales – personal beliefs

  • A veces es difícil cambiar las creencias personales.
  • Sometimes it is hard to change personal beliefs.

30. El filántropo – philanthropist

  • Ella es un filántropo de los derechos humanos.
  • She is a philanthropist for human rights.

31. El líder – leader

  • El es un líder naturalmente.
  • He is a natural leader.

32. La identidad étnica – ethnic identity

  • Los mexicanos se preocupan mucho por su identidad étnica.
  • Mexicans care a lot about their ethnic identity.

Families and Communities

33. Los valores – values

  • No son solamente valores hispanos, son valores universales.
  • They are not only Hispanic values, they are universal values.

34. El patrimonio – heritage

  • Su patrimonio es muy importante para ella.
  • Her heritage is important for her.

35. Las raíces – roots

  • Echan raíces en su nuevo comunidad.
  • They put down roots in their new community.

36. Portarse bien – behave well

  • Los padres deben enseñar a sus hijos a portarse bien.
  • Parents must teach their children to behave well.

Beauty and Aesthetics

37. La moda – style

  • Cada persona necesita definir su propia moda.
  • Every person needs to define their own style.

38. Agraciada – attractive

  • Las personas en las revistas son agraciadas.
  • The people in the magazines are attractive.

39. El tratamiento – treatment

  • Algunas personas buscan tratamientos para el acné.
  • Some people look for treatments for acne.

40. La armonía – harmony

  • Necesito armonía en mi casa.
  • I need harmony in my home.

41. El equilibrio – balance

  • Esta pintura tiene un buen equilibrio de luz y oscuridad.
  • This painting has a good balance of light and dark.

Power Verbs

Tired of using the same verbs every other sentence? Well, guess what? The exam graders are tired of reading the same words paper after paper. Put these verbs on your AP Spanish vocabulary list to add richness and uniqueness to your writing and speaking.

42. Señalar – to point out

  • Él señaló su nuevo corte de pelo.
  • He pointed out her new haircut.

43. Adquirir – to acquire

  • Su tienda adquirió varios libros nuevos.
  • Her store acquired various new books.

44. Soler – to be accustomed to

  • Yo solí al clima cálido.
  • I got accustomed to the warm weather.

45. Merecer – to deserve

  • Este logro merece atención especial.
  • This accomplishment deserves special attention.

46. Perdurar – to remain

  • Cultura rural y antigua perdura en partes de Perú.
  • Ancient rural culture remains in parts of Peru.

47. Destacar – to stand out

  • Es un hombre que destaca por su altura.
  • He is a man who stands out because of his height.

48. Concordar – to agree

  • Concordan con la mayoría de la lectura.
  • They agree with most of the lecture.

49. Comprobar – to prove

  • Es importante comprobar su punto en un ensayo.
  • It is important to prove your point in an essay.

50. Ponderar – to analyze

  • Él pondera la cuestión durante una hora.
  • He analyzed the question for an hour.

This is, of course, by no means an extensive list of words to know, but knowing these words, as well as reviewing crucial culture and grammar points, can put you one step closer to getting the score you want on the AP Spanish Language and Culture exam. Let us know: are there any other words you think are crucial to know?

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Hi all, thought it would be useful to create a Subjunctive & Golden phrases thread, since these are the expressions which really gain the best marks. If we put on here formulated subjunctive phrases and your golden phrases so then all the people (including myself) can quickly jot them down in the 10 mins stimulus part of the exam to help and then to use them. So add all your "golden" phrases and lets help each other out!

Subjunctive phrases (already formulated)

Que yo recuerde - As far as i remember
Que yo sepa - As far as i know
Cueste lo que cueste - Whatever the cost
Hagan lo que hagan - Whatever they do
Hagamos lo que hagamos - Whatever we do
Pase lo que pase - Whatever happens
Sea lo que sea - Be that as it may
Venga lo que venga
Quienquiera - Whoever
Dondequiera - Wherever
Comoquiera - However
Por ricos/pobres que sean - However rich/poor they may be

Golden phrases

* Si tuviera mucha influencia yo prohibiría la caza - If i had alot/much influence i would ban hunting. (Imp Sbj & Conditional)

* .....

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